Cash Burn Erased with April RevPAR
WEST PALM BEACH, Fla.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Chatham Lodging Trust (NYSE: CLDT), a lodging real estate investment trust (REIT) that invests in upscale, extended-stay hotels and premium-branded, select-service hotels, today announced results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2021.
First Quarter 2021 Operating Results
- Portfolio Revenue Per Available Room (RevPAR) – Declined 42 percent to $55, compared to the 2020 first quarter. Average daily rate (ADR) decreased 31 percent to $107, and occupancy dropped 17 percent to 52 percent for the 39 comparable hotels owned as of March 31, 2021. All Chatham hotels have remained open throughout the pandemic.
- April RevPAR was $75 on occupancy of 65 percent and ADR of $117
- Net Income – Improved $30.8 million to net income of $2.7 million from a net loss of $28.1 million in the 2020 first quarter. Net income per diluted share was $0.06 versus net loss per diluted share of $(0.59) for the same period last year. During the 2021 first quarter, Chatham recognized a gain of $23.8 million related to the sale of the Innkeepers joint venture.
- GOP Margin – Generated positive GOP margins of 30 percent compared to 25 percent in the 2020 fourth quarter and 38 percent in the 2020 first quarter.
- Adjusted EBITDA – Produced positive Adjusted EBITDA for the third consecutive quarter, generating Adjusted EBITDA of $1.2 million versus $0.2 million in the 2020 fourth quarter and $16.5 million in the 2020 first quarter.
- Adjusted FFO – Declined $13.4 million to $(7.1) million. Adjusted FFO per diluted share was $(0.15), compared to $0.13 in the 2020 first quarter.
- Cash Burn Before Capital Expenditures – First quarter 2021 cash burn was $7.6 million versus $9.5 million in the 2020 fourth quarter, $5.1 million in the 2020 third quarter and $12.8 million in the 2020 second quarter. Cash burn includes $2.3 million of principal amortization per quarter.
- Cash Flow Positive – Produced positive cash flow after interest expense and corporate overhead in March for the first time since the beginning of the pandemic. In April, Chatham is expected to produce positive cash flow after all debt service and overhead, reaching that mark the second fastest of all lodging REITs.
The following chart summarizes the consolidated financial results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 based on all properties owned during those periods ($ in millions, except margin percentages and per share data):
Three Months Ended
Net income (loss)
Diluted net income (loss) per common share
Hotel EBITDA Margin
AFFO per diluted share
Dividends per share
Hotel RevPAR Performance
The below chart summarizes key hotel financial statistics for the 39 comparable hotels owned as of March 31, 2021 compared to the 2020 fourth quarter (does not include one hotel sold in 2020):
Q1 2021 RevPAR
Q4 2020 RevPAR
% Change in RevPAR to Prior Year
The below chart summarizes RevPAR statistics by month for the company’s 39 comparable hotels:
Occupancy – 2021
ADR – 2021
RevPAR – 2021
RevPAR – 2020
% Change in RevPAR
“Since RevPAR dipped to $40 in December, we have produced healthy sequential gains in occupancy, ADR and RevPAR through the first four months of 2021,” highlighted Jeffrey H. Fisher, Chatham’s president and chief executive officer. “Leisure travel continues to lead the lodging recovery. Demand remains strongest on the weekend, and we expect leisure demand to remain strong through the summer. Also, there is a bit of business travel coming back into our hotels which is very encouraging at this point.”
RevPAR performance for Chatham’s six largest markets based on hotel EBITDA contribution over the last twelve months is presented below:
39 – Hotel Portfolio
Greater New York
Coastal Maine and New Hampshire
“Our meaningful RevPAR gains have been accomplished with very little contribution from our most important market, Silicon Valley, and as business travel comes back in that market, our portfolio will continue to produce meaningful RevPAR gains,” Fisher stated. “Additionally, we expect our coastal Maine and New Hampshire hotels to have huge summers, and since those markets were essentially shut down to inbound travel through mid-July, RevPAR gains should be meaningful. In Los Angeles, specifically Anaheim, Disneyland just opened up on April 30th, and although our Residence Inn has done well through the pandemic with a lot of medical guests, we expect that market and our performance to heat up.”
Approximately 84 percent of Chatham’s hotel EBITDA over the last twelve months was generated from its Residence Inn and Homewood Suites hotels. Chatham has the highest concentration of extended-stay rooms of any public lodging REIT at 58 percent. First quarter 2021 occupancy, ADR and RevPAR for each of the company’s major brands is presented below (number of hotels in parentheses):
Residence Inn (16)
Homewood Suites (7)
Hilton Garden Inn (4)
Hampton Inns (3)
Occupancy – 2021
ADR – 2021
RevPAR – 2021
RevPAR – 2020
% Change in RevPAR
“Our strong performance is a testament to great portfolio attributes, high-quality, extended-stay hotels and premium-branded, select-service hotels in locations that generate room revenue from diverse demand sources,” Fisher added. “For years, we have touted the benefits of a portfolio such as ours through all phases of a lodging cycle, and our performance certainly proves that. We believed we would reach cash flow breakeven sooner than most other lodging REITs, and with April RevPAR of $75, we expect that we will be positive cash flow after debt service for the month which is incredible news to deliver to our shareholders.
“Chatham will emerge from the pandemic healthier than many of our lodging REIT peers who have burned significant amounts of cash and equity value, and we will be better positioned to be acquisitive and grow FFO in addition to the FFO that will be added with the opening of our Los Angeles development,” Fisher concluded.
Hotel Operations Performance
The below chart summarizes key hotel operating performance measures per month during the 2021 first quarter and for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. RevPAR, GOP margin and Hotel EBITDA margin is for the 39 comparable hotels. Gross operating profit is calculated as Hotel EBITDA plus property taxes, ground rent and insurance (in millions, except for RevPAR):
RevPAR – 2021
Gross operating profit
Hotel EBITDA margin
“Operationally, our platform working alongside Island Hospitality allows us to adjust top- and bottom-line driven operating strategies faster than our peers and generate high operating margins which ultimately translates to better cash flow,” commented Dennis Craven, Chatham’s chief operating officer. “Compared to the 2020 fourth quarter, we have produced strong flow-through of incremental dollars in the 2021 first quarter. On a $2.6 million increase in hotel revenue, we generated an approximate 84 percent flow-through, driving our gross operating profit higher by approximately $2.2 million.”
The below chart summarizes key financial performance measures for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Corporate EBITDA is calculated as hotel EBITDA minus cash corporate general and administrative expenses and is before debt service and capital expenditures. Debt service includes interest expense and principal amortization on its secured debt (approximately $2.3 million per quarter). Cash used before CAPEX is calculated as Corporate EBITDA less debt service. Amounts are in millions, except RevPAR.
RevPAR – 2021
Cash used before CAPEX
Chatham has estimated liquidity of $145 million, including cash of approximately of $15 million, as of March 31, 2021, and remaining borrowing capacity on the credit facility of $130 million.
During the 2021 first quarter, the company incurred capital expenditures of $1.1 million. During 2021, Chatham expects remaining capital expenditures of $5.2 million, excluding any spending related to the Warner Center development since it is fully funded by a construction loan. Chatham does not intend to complete any renovations in 2021.
Hotel Under Development
Chatham is developing a hotel in the Warner Center submarket of Los Angeles, Calif., on a parcel of land owned by the company. The company expects the total development costs to be approximately $70 million, inclusive of land of $6.6 million. Including land, the company has incurred costs to date of approximately $52.5 million. Construction is ahead of the previously announced schedule, and the hotel is expected to open during the 2021 fourth quarter.
Joint Venture Investment
During the quarter, Chatham sold its 10.3 percent interest in the Innkeepers joint venture with Colony Capital for $2.8 million.
“This sale culminates a very successful joint venture investment for Chatham since we bought the Innkeepers portfolio out of bankruptcy in 2011,” Craven stated. “With this final payment, we generated total proceeds of more than $100 million out of our $37 million Innkeepers joint venture investment, just a fantastic result.”
Capital Markets & Capital Structure
As of March 31, 2021, the company had net debt of $585.9 million (total consolidated debt less unrestricted cash), down $2.7 million from December 31, 2020 and down $23.7 million from March 31, 2020. Excluding the Warner Center loan, net debt is down $11.1 million from December 31, 2020 and down $45.4 million from March 31, 2020. Total debt outstanding as of March 31, 2021 was $600.6 million at an average interest rate of 4.5 percent, comprised of $458.8 million of fixed-rate mortgage debt at an average interest rate of 4.7 percent, $120.0 million outstanding on the company’s $250 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility, which currently carries a 3.1 percent interest rate and $21.8 million outstanding on the Warner Center construction loan, which carries a 7.75 percent interest rate.
Chatham’s leverage ratio was approximately 35.9 percent on March 31, 2021, based on the ratio of the company’s net debt to hotel investments at cost. The weighted average maturity date for Chatham’s fixed-rate debt is March 2024.
On April 30, 2021, Chatham repaid in full the $12.5 million mortgage secured by the Residence Inn New Rochelle, N.Y., that carried a 5.75 percent interest rate and was set to mature later this year.
During the first quarter, Chatham issued 1.5 million common shares at an average price of $14.15 per share, generating proceeds of $21.3 million. Proceeds were used to pay down borrowings on the credit facility and repay the $12.5 million New Rochelle mortgage.
“We deeply understand our responsibility to protect long-term value for our equity holders,” commented Jeremy Wegner, Chatham’s chief financial officer. “With the sale of the hotel in late 2020, as well as proceeds from the sale of the joint venture and share issuance, we have further solidified our financial position.”
Although not expected, any dividend required for Chatham to maintain its REIT status for 2021 will be declared in the 2021 fourth quarter and paid in January 2022. Pursuant to its amended credit facility, any dividends paid would include a cash component no greater than the minimum percentage allowed under the Internal Revenue Code.
Due to uncertainty surrounding the impact of the pandemic on the hotel industry, the company is not providing guidance at this time.
The company will hold its first quarter 2021 conference call later today at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Shareholders and other interested parties may listen to a simultaneous webcast of the conference call on the Internet by logging onto Chatham’s Web site, www.chathamlodgingtrust.com, or www.streetevents.com, or may participate in the conference call by dialing 1-877-407-0789 and referencing Chatham Lodging Trust. A recording of the call will be available by telephone until 11:59 p.m. ET on Tuesday, May 11, 2021, by dialing 1-844-512-2921, reference number 13718482. A replay of the conference call will be posted on Chatham’s website.
About Chatham Lodging Trust
Chatham Lodging Trust is a self-advised, publicly traded real estate investment trust focused primarily on investing in upscale, extended-stay hotels and premium-branded, select-service hotels. As of March 31, 2021, the company owns 39 hotels totaling 5,900 rooms/suites in 15 states and the District of Columbia. Additional information about Chatham may be found at chathamlodgingtrust.com.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Included in this press release are certain “non-GAAP financial measures,” within the meaning of Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) rules and regulations, that are different from measures calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles). The company considers the following non-GAAP financial measures useful to investors as key supplemental measures of its operating performance: (1) FFO, (2) Adjusted FFO, (3) EBITDA, (5) EBITDAre (6) Adjusted EBITDA and (7) Adjusted Hotel EBITDA. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered along with, but not as alternatives to, net income or loss as prescribed by GAAP as a measure of its operating performance.
FFO As Defined by NAREIT and Adjusted FFO
The company calculates FFO in accordance with standards established by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (NAREIT), which defines FFO as net income or loss (calculated in accordance with GAAP), excluding gains or losses from sales of real estate, impairment write-downs, the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles, plus depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs), and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures following the same approach. The company believes that the presentation of FFO provides useful information to investors regarding its operating performance because it measures its performance without regard to specified non-cash items such as real estate depreciation and amortization, gain or loss on sale of real estate assets and certain other items that the company believes are not indicative of the property level performance of its hotel properties. The company believes that these items reflect historical cost of its asset base and its acquisition and disposition activities and are less reflective of its ongoing operations, and that by adjusting to exclude the effects of these items, FFO is useful to investors in comparing its operating performance between periods and between REITs that also report using the NAREIT definition.
The company calculates Adjusted FFO by further adjusting FFO for certain additional items that are not addressed in NAREIT’s definition of FFO, including other charges, losses on the early extinguishment of debt and similar items related to its unconsolidated real estate entities that it believes do not represent costs related to hotel operations. The company believes that Adjusted FFO provides investors with another financial measure that may facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and between REITs that make similar adjustments to FFO.
EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA
The company calculates EBITDA for purposes of the credit facility debt as net income or loss excluding: (1) interest expense; (2) provision for income taxes, including income taxes applicable to sale of assets; (3) depreciation and amortization; and (4) unconsolidated real estate entity items including interest, depreciation and amortization excluding gains and losses from sales of real estate. The company believes EBITDA is useful to investors in evaluating and facilitating comparisons of its operating performance because it helps investors compare the company’s operating performance between periods and between REITs by removing the impact of its capital structure (primarily interest expense) and asset base (primarily depreciation and amortization) from its operating results. In addition, the company uses EBITDA as one measure in determining the value of hotel acquisitions and dispositions.
The company calculates EBITDAre in accordance with NAREIT guidelines, which defines EBITDAre as net income or loss excluding interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization expense, gains or losses from sales of real estate, impairment, and adjustments for unconsolidated joint ventures. We believe that the presentation of EBITDAre provides useful information to investors regarding the Company’s operating performance and can facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and between REITs.
The company calculates Adjusted EBITDA by further adjusting EBITDA for certain additional items, including other charges, losses on the early extinguishment of debt, amortization of non-cash share-based compensation and similar items related to its unconsolidated real estate entities, which it believes are not indicative of the performance of its underlying hotel properties entities. The company believes that Adjusted EBITDA provides investors with another financial measure that may facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and between REITs that report similar measures.
Adjusted Hotel EBITDA is defined as net income before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, corporate general and administrative, impairment loss, loss on early extinguishment of debt, interest and other income and income or loss from unconsolidated real estate entities. The Company presents Adjusted Hotel EBITDA because the Company believes it is useful to investors in comparing its hotel operating performance between periods and comparing its Adjusted Hotel EBITDA margins to those of our peer companies. Adjusted Hotel EBITDA represents the results of operations for its wholly owned hotels only.
Although the company presents FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA because it believes they are useful to investors in comparing the company’s operating performance between periods and between REITs that report similar measures, these measures have limitations as analytical tools. Some of these limitations are:
- FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA do not reflect the company’s cash expenditures, or future requirements, for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;
- FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, the company’s working capital needs;
- FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA do not reflect funds available to make cash distributions;
- EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA do not reflect the significant interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments, on the company’s debts;
- Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized may need to be replaced in the future, and FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA do not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements;
- Non-cash compensation is and will remain a key element of the company’s overall long-term incentive compensation package, although the company excludes it as an expense when evaluating its ongoing operating performance for a particular period using adjusted EBITDA;
- Adjusted FFO, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA do not reflect the impact of certain cash charges (including acquisition transaction costs) that result from matters the company considers not to be indicative of the underlying performance of its hotel properties; and
- Other companies in the company’s industry may calculate FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA differently than the company does, limiting their usefulness as a comparative measure.
In addition, FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA do not represent cash generated from operating activities as determined by GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to net income or loss, cash flows from operations or any other operating performance measure prescribed by GAAP. FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA are not measures of the Company’s liquidity. Because of these limitations, FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for performance measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. The Company compensates for these limitations by relying primarily on its GAAP results and using FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA only supplementally. The Company’s consolidated financial statements and the notes to those statements included elsewhere are prepared in accordance with GAAP. The company’s reconciliation of FFO, Adjusted FFO, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Hotel EBITDA to net income attributable to common shareholders, as determined under GAAP, is set forth below.
Forward-Looking Statement Safe Harbor
Note: This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities regulations. These forward-looking statements include those with regard to the potential future impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of the lodging industry and our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, cash flow and plans and objectives. These statements generally are characterized by the use of the words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “continue,” “intend,” “should,” “may” or similar expressions.
Dennis Craven (Company)
Chief Operating Officer
Chris Daly (Media)
DG Public Relations