Defense Fuel Cells Market – Drivers and Forecasts by Technavio

LONDON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–#DefenseTechnologyTechnavio
analysts forecast the global
defense fuel cells market
to grow at a CAGR of almost 9%
during the forecast period, according to their latest report.

The research study covers the present scenario and growth prospects of
the global defense
fuel cells
market for 2017-2021. Technavio presents a
detailed picture of the market by way of study, synthesis, and summation
of data from multiple sources.

The defense industry is a pioneer in embracing new and advanced
technologies. The fuel cell technology is catching up in different
applications such as stationary power generation, portable power
generation, and power used for transportation. As the technology is
still in the development stage, only a few vendors supply vehicles that
operate on fuel cells to the military, making defense fuel cells a
concentrated market.

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Technavio analysts highlight the following three factors that are
contributing to the growth of the global defense fuel cells market:

  • Improved performance with high torque and low revolutions
  • Low acoustic effects
  • Use of fuel cells as environmentally viable energy-on-demand solution

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Improved performance with high torque and low revolutions

Despite the limited availability of infrastructure for fuel cells
compared to fossil-fuel powered drivetrains, fuel cells project a higher
efficiency of about 60% to 80%. As conventional vehicles do not carry
out complete fuel combustion, the efficiency of the vehicle drops
compared to the conventional IC engine.

Avimanyu Basu, a lead defense
research analyst at Technavio, says, “Fuel cells
provide copious quantities of torque at low revolutions, which helps to
increase the performance of the vehicle. In conventional IC engines, a
higher number of revolutions is required to attain an equivalent torque.
As fuel cells generate both electricity and heat, the efficiency of the
fuel tank is close to 80%.”

Low acoustic effects

Fuel cells undergo the hydrolysis process, wherein fuel and oxygen act
as electrodes and are passed through the electrolyte to produce
electricity. This triggers the electrolysis process, leading to the
generation of electricity. As this process does not involve combustion,
the sound produced during the running of the vehicle is comparatively
lower than that of diesel vehicles.

In situations of war, emergencies, and military missions, diesel clutter
affects the stealth operations of the vehicle. To ensure effective
stealth operations even in harsh conditions, the defense sector has
collaborated with various stakeholders to focus on the design and
manufacturing of military fuel cells that are tailored for military
vehicles and can operate with low acoustic signature.

Use of fuel cells as environmentally viable energy-on-demand solution

Conventional vehicles are powered by the energy that is generated from
the combustion of non-renewable resources. When a diesel vehicle runs at
low power, there is enough oxygen to burn the fuel. As most military
vehicles run at high power, there is an inadequate amount of oxygen to
burn the fuel effectively. This leads to incomplete combustion of the
fuel, which lowers the efficiency of the fuel used during the combustion

“The combustion of petroleum-based products releases harmful
byproducts such as carbon dioxide, water, nitrogen, nitrogen oxide,
opaque dark colored smoke, soot, aerosols, sulfate, silicate, greenhouse
gases, and so on. These gases cause many health-related issues to people
in the surrounding areas,”
says Avimanyu.

Top vendors:

  • Protonex
  • Ultracell
  • Neah Power Systems
  • General Motors
  • SFC Energy

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