AUSTIN, Texas–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Fitch Ratings has affirmed the ‘AA-‘ rating on the following series of
Pedernales Electric Cooperative’s (PEC) first mortgage bonds:
–$337.2 million series 2002A.
The Rating Outlook is Stable.
Bonds are payable from PEC’s net revenues and are secured by a lien on
substantially all of the cooperative’s assets.
KEY RATING DRIVERS
LARGE, GROWING DISTRIBUTION COOPERATIVE: PEC is a large distribution
cooperative located in central Texas. PEC’s service territory, part of
which is near Austin, is large, diverse and includes both rural and
suburban areas. PEC’s eastern service area is experiencing strong
customer expansion, which has resulted in continued revenue growth.
ALL-REQUIREMENTS POWER SUPPLY CONTRACT: Customer load demands are met
through a long-term contract (2041) with the Lower Colorado River
Authority (LCRA; revenue bonds rated ‘A’). LCRA provides most of PEC’s
power but the contract allows PEC to take increments of load to other
suppliers with notice. LCRA is required by the all-requirements contract
to provide sufficient energy supply to meet PEC’s expected load growth.
LOAD GROWTH MANAGEABLE: PEC has average annual load growth of over 3%.
PEC has consistently maintained strong cash flow, built equity at the
cooperative in recent years and kept pace with the capital demands of
high growth in their service territories. The risks associated with load
growth appear manageable given the consistent pace at which growth
continues to occur and the requirement of LCRA to serve the load growth.
IMPROVED RATE COMPETITIVENESS: A power cost adjustment (PCA) factor in
rates passes wholesale power costs through to customers in a timely
manner, providing protection to the financial profile from expenditure
fluctuations from fuel or purchased power costs. Rates have decreased
through PCA adjustments and PEC’s own cost containment.
SOLID FINANCIAL PROFILE: Financial metrics have been consistently strong
in recent years, but slightly below rating category medians. Debt
service coverage (DSC) is expected to remain above 1.9x, while moderate
debt levels provide some capacity to absorb new debt to fund capital
LIQUIDITY PROFILE: Liquidity has been managed downward but remained
adequate at 79 days at fiscal year-end 2015. The addition of a second
$200 million line of credit in fiscal 2016 should provide PEC with ample
liquidity going forward, but the cooperative’s absolute reliance on
lines of credit is a concern.
POWER SUPPLY COST RECOVERY: The Stable Outlook reflects Fitch’s
expectation that Pedernales Electric Cooperative (PEC) will continue to
generate strong financial margins and use its power cost adjustment
mechanism in a timely manner to recover fluctuating wholesale power
costs. Any failure to do so, which pressures debt service coverage and
liquidity metrics could result in downward rating pressure.
PEC is a retail electric cooperative based in Johnson City, Texas that
provides electric service to over 274,000 customers across an 8,100
square mile service area across 24 counties in central Texas. PEC is the
largest distribution cooperative in the U.S., based on number of meters
served, and continues to grow steadily. Growth is substantial, averaging
7,500 new customers annually over the past five years, although given
the very large customer base, the average annual growth rate is moderate
at 3%. The service territory is diverse, including suburban areas west
of Austin and San Antonio and very sparsely populated rural areas in
ALL-REQUIREMENTS POWER SUPPLY FROM LCRA THROUGH 2041
PEC purchases the majority of its power requirements in accordance with
an all-requirements wholesale power agreement with LCRA through 2041.
The wholesale power agreement requires LCRA to meet PEC’s full energy
requirements on a load-following basis, including system growth over
time. The contract terms represent more limited operational risk to PEC
as a distribution utility although the risk and resulting costs of
operational issues – should they arise at LCRA – would ultimately be
passed through in the wholesale rates to PEC.
PEC was always the largest electric customer of LCRA but as a result of
the departure of nine customers, it will account for around 50% of LCRA
sales beginning in July 2016. LCRA’s generation portfolio will continue
to be a key driver of PEC’s cost structure. LCRA is in a long position
with its generation assets, and the cost related to those assets, if not
recovered though short-term sales in the ERCOT market are recovered by
LCRA from its contracted customers including PEC. Soft market prices
within ERCOT for the past five years have reduced LCRA’s ability to
economically dispatch all of its available generation into the market.
Actual revenues received from market sales are used to offset the
wholesale rate charged to wholesale customers.
LOAD RELEASE PROVISIONS PROVIDE FLEXIBILITY
PEC’s wholesale power agreement with LCRA is an all-requirements
contract but PEC has the ability to reduce its purchases. The
load-release provision allows customers to gradually adjust downward or
upward the amount of load purchased from LCRA through annual stepped
adjustments. PEC may notify LCRA of its intent to reduce load once every
12 months but the load reduction is not effective until two years after
Any one-year decline in requirements cannot exceed 10% initially and
then 5% per year thereafter to a minimum of 65%. PEC, and LCRA’s other
33 customers, must continue to purchase at least 65% of their load from
LCRA through 2041. PEC has already provided LCRA with the required
notifications to release 20% of their load. The next load release
notification option occurs on or after July 2016 for up to an additional
IMPROVED RATE COMPETITIVENESS
PEC’s rates are comparatively high for the region. Although data
collected by the Energy Information Administration in 2014 (most recent
available) showed PEC’s average retail revenue per kWh of 11.78
cents/kWh to be in line with the state average of 11.86 cents/kWh, a
number of the municipal utilities in central Texas to whom PEC customers
might compare bills had lower rates.
In addition to the PCA decreases that reflected the lower cost of power
from LCRA, PEC worked to control expenditures in order to reduce its
delivery rate in December 2014 by $0.005 per kWh or 15.6%. Rather than
reduce its delivery rate again in 2015, the Board of Directors made a
determination to return $0.0056 per kWh to customers and did so through
the use of a newly created revenue adjustment factor (RAF) in December
2015. The adjustment only affected bills in one final month of fiscal
SOLID FINANCIAL PROFILE
PEC’s financial performance has been strong in recent years. Fitch
calculated debt service coverage declined slightly in fiscals 2014 and
2015 to 1.9x in both years from previous levels above 2.0x. While
coverage was below Fitch’s category median, coverage of full obligations
was relatively in line with peers. Management’s expectations for
performance in fiscal 2016 are that financial margins will be at or
above this level. Board policy includes setting the delivery rate to
produce debt service coverage at or above 1.8x. Financial planning
estimates use conservative customer growth assumptions that are slightly
below historical levels, even though the pace of growth is not expected
to slow over the short term.
Equity levels have been increasing, up to 45% at the end of fiscal 2015
as compared to 35% at the end of fiscal 2011. The increases have
occurred during a period of high growth, much of which PEC has funded
from revenues. PEC management intends to slow the growth of its equity
position but a decrease from the current level is not expected.
Overall liquidity has been managed down in connection with efforts to
control costs and reduce rates to members. Cash at the end of fiscal
2015 was only $75,000 although this was following the use of $78 million
in November 2015 to pay down remaining high interest rate debt prior to
maturity in 2020. Days liquidity on hand, including the $100 million
line of credit with National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance
Corporation in place at the end of fiscal 2015, was 79 days. While this
is well below Fitch’s median of 222 days liquidity for the rating
category, PEC has more limited cash needs than a vertically integrated
utility with generation operating responsibilities or a purchasing
utility managing multiple long-term contracts with collateral posting
requirements. Liquidity was enhanced in February 2016, when PEC executed
a new $200 million general purpose line of credit from CoBank.
Additional information is available at ‘www.fitchratings.com‘.
Revenue-Supported Rating Criteria (pub. 16 Jun 2014)
U.S. Public Power Rating Criteria (pub. 18 May 2015)
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Kathy Masterson, +1-512-215-3730
Fitch Ratings, Inc.
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Fogerty, New York, +1-212-908-0526 [email protected]